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FW: Pyrite Oxidation Phreeqc Question

Dr. Parkhurst

I emailed you earlier today with a question which I subsequently figured out
the answer to (message below).  I now know I should have been using the
incremental reaction step.  I tried to recall my earlier message but just in
case it gets to you I wanted to let you know I was no longer in need of a


Cheryl Ross

-----Original Message-----
From: Ross, Cheryl 
Sent: Thursday, March 08, 2001 11:01 AM
To: 'dlpark@xxxxxxxx'
In-Reply-To: <BE020C49D751D3119E0B009027305015010A657C@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Pyrite Oxidation Phreeqc Question

Dr. Parkhurst,

I was hoping you might be able to provide some insight for a warning message
I am getting running a pyrite oxidation simulation.  I am modeling injecting
oxygenated water into a basalt aquifer containing 0.1% pyrite to simulate
what may occur during aquifer storage and recovery operations.  For my
initial simulation I have not included possible precipitation of
ferrihydrite.  There is no iron in my initial solution so the only source of
iron is what is released due to the oxidation of pyrite.  At the point in
the simulation where iron concentrations plateau as oxygen is depleted I get
the following warning:

WARNING: Element Fe has negative moles in solution, -2.943717e-005. 
	Erroneous mole balance occurs as moles are added to produce zero
	May be due to large time steps in early part of KINETICS simulation.
Using solution 2.	Richland Water (9/25/00)
Using kinetics 2.	Kinetics defined in simulation 2.

The final iron concentration in solution however is equal to the total
amount of pyrite that has dissolved during the simulation as would be
expected.  Since I have no reactions that would remove iron, I'm not sure
how I could have negative moles in solution.  I have tried decreasing my
time step but this does not seem to help.  Any help would be greatly

Cheryl Ross


Cheryl Ross, M.Sc.
Golder Associates Inc.
18300 NE Union Hill Rd., Suite 200
Redmond, WA 98052
Office: 425-883-0777
Fax:     425-882-5498

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