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Phreeqc modeling of kinetic Fe(OH)3 reductive dissolution

Dear Dr. Parkhurst:

I wonder if I might trouble you with a question regarding the use of Phreeqc
(version 1.5.08 for Windows) for a paper I'm working on to be submitted to
Applied Geochemistry. This is actually the same problem, more-or-less, which
I had written to you about sometime ago, as I was just starting to try my
hand at mixed equilibrium-kinetic geochemical modeling. I wish to simulate
changes in pH and mineral precipitation accompanying kinetic reductive
dissolution of hydrous ferric oxide [HFO, assumed to be represented by
Fe(OH)3] by dissmilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacteria in HCO3-buffered medium.
An approximate set of starting conditions for such a simulation is as

pH 7
10 mM NaHCO3
10 mmol/L Fe(OH)3

We have good evidence that bacterial HFO reduction follows first-order
kinetics, with a rate constant of ca. 0.05/d in our normal culture systems.
Hence, the initial idea would be to predict changes in pH and dissolved
inorganic carbon speciation assuming that HFO reductive dissolution took
place according the following reaction:

Fe(OH)3(s) + 0.25 CH2O + 1.75H+  =>  Fe2+(aq) + 0.25HCO3- + 2.5H2O

in which the labile organic carbon (CH2O) is present in excess and therefore
does not need to be tracked during the simulation, and in which Fe(OH)3
consumption is depicted as a first-order reaction

RFe(OH)3(s) = -k[Fe(OH)3(s)]

Alternatively, the reaction could be modeled as a surface-area controlled
process according to a more standard formulation such as

RFe(OH)3 = -k(m/m0)^n

Ultimately I would like to include other heterogeneous reactions and their
impact on pH changes during HFO reduction, namely: (i) H+ complexation by
Fe(OH)3 surfaces, whose abundance would be declining as reductive
dissolution takes place, e.g. as a first approximation in direct proportion
to molar/mass concentration and an assumed surface area of 600 m2/g; (ii)
precipitation of FeCO3(s) (siderite) and/or Fe(OH)2.

I have made some initial attempts to set-up a Phreeqc simulation of the
simple case where only reductive dissolution of Fe(OH)3 takes place, but I
am uncertain about how to depict the parallel consumption of the mineral
phase and H+, together with production of Fe2+(aq) and HCO3-.

I would be very grateful if you could provide assistance in setting-up this
problem. If I can get this to work, I can think of a great many uses for
Phreeqc in understanding and interpreting experimental studies of bacterial
Fe(III) oxide reduction and associated aqueous/solid-phase geochemical

Best regards, Eric

Eric E. Roden
Current address (01/07/02 to 05/10/02):
Analytical Microbiology
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
900 Battelle Blvd, Mail Stop P7-50
Richland, WA   99352
(509) 373-1043 (office)
(509) 376-5154 (lab)
(509) 376-1321 (fax)
(509) 627-0118 (home)

Permanent address:
The University of Alabama
Department of Biological Sciences
A122 Bevill Bldg 7th Ave
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0206
(205) 348-0556 (office)
(205) 348-1813 (lab)
(205) 348-1403 (fax)
(205) 349-1134 (home)

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