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Ground Water

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Mary C Hill
Department of Geology
320B Lindley
University of Kansas
Lawrence, KS 66045
(795) 864-2728; e-mail:

Professional Preparation

Hope College, Holland, MI Geology and Business Administration, B.S., 1976
Michigan State University, Lansing, MI Civil Engineering, 1976-1977
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ Civil Engineering - Water Resources, M.S.E., 1978
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ Civil Engineering - Water Resources, Ph.D., 1985


2014-Present Full Professor, Department of Geology, University of Kansas
2014-PresentEmeritus, U.S. Geological Survey
2006-2012 Research Advisor, Groundwater Hydrology, National Research Program (NRP), U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
2001-2014 Project Chief, "Modeling and uncertainty of complex groundwater systems". NRP
1993-2014 DOE projects via the Nevada Water Science Center, USGS. Yucca Mountain, Death Valley regional flow system. Chief advisor model calibration.
1993-1999International Ground-Water Modeling Center, Annual one-week course on ground-water inverse modeling.
2008-2014GS-ST (Senior Scientist), USGS, Boulder, CO
1987-2008GS-12 to 15 Research Hydrologist, NRP, USGS, Lakewood and Boulder, CO
1981-1987GS-11/12 Hydrologist, New Jersey District, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
1982New York Attorney General's Office. Planned, executed field work, Love Canal.
1981Rutgers University, Department of Geological Sciences. Designed and taught a semester beginning geohydrology course.
1977-1981 Princeton University. Research assistantship under the supervision of George F. Pinder. Teaching assistantship for one semester.

Selected Publications

(out of 140; see Google Scholar for a more complete list)

  1. Hill, M.C., Foglia, L. Christensen, S., Rakovec, O., Borgonovo, E. (2016). Model validation: Testing models using data and sensitivity analysis, in Cushman, J.H. and Tartakovsky, D.M., eds. Handbook of groundwater engineering, 3rd Edition, Taylor and Francis (in press).
  2. Hill, M.C., Dmitri Kavetski, Martyn Clark, Ming Ye, Mazdak Arabi, Dan Lu, Laura Foglia, and Steffen Mehl (2015) Practical use of computationally frugal model analysis methods. Groundwater. DOI: 10.1111/gwat.12330
  3. Sheets, R.A., Hill, M.C., Haitjema, H.M., Provost, A.M., Masterson, J.P. (2014), Simulation of Water-Table Aquifers Using Specified Saturated Thickness: Ground Water, doi: 10.1111/gwat.12164.
  4. Rakovec, O., Hill, M.C., Clark, M. P., Weerts, A. H., Teuling, A. J., Uijlenhoet, R. (2014). Distributed Evaluation of Local Sensitivity Analysis (DELSA), With Application to Hydrologic Models: Water Resources Research, 50, doi:10.1002/2013WR014063.
  5. Hill, M.C., Faunt, C.C., Belcher, W.R., Sweetkind, D.S., Tiedeman, C.R., Kavetski, D. (2013) Knowledge, transparency, and refutability in groundwater models, an example from the Death Valley regional groundwater flow system: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 65:105-116.
  6. Foglia, L., Mehl, S.W., Hill, M.C., and Burlando, P. (2013). Evaluating model structure adequacy: The case of the Maggia Valley groundwater system, southern Switzerland, Water Resources Research, 49, doi:10.1029/2011WR011779.
  7. Raymond, K., Arabi, M. and Hill, M.C. (2011) Comprehensive Flow and Transport Groundwater/Watershed Modeling Using eRAMS: Overview of the Integrated Framework, in eds Poeter, E.P, Hill, M.C., Zheng, C. and Maxwell, R., Proceedings of the 2011 MODFLOW and More Conference, Golden, Colorado, June 2011.
  8. Hill, M.C., and Tiedeman, C.R. (2007) Effective groundwater model calibration, with analysis of sensitivities, predictions, and uncertainty: Wiley, New York.
  9. Hill, M.C. (2006). The practical use of simplicity in developing groundwater models: Ground Water, 44(6):775-781.
  10. Tiedeman, C.R., D.M. Ely, M.C. Hill, and G.M. O'Brien (2004). A method for evaluating the importance of system state observations to model predictions, with application to the Death Valley regional groundwater flow system, Water Resources Res., 40, W12411, doi:10.1029/2004WR003313.

Synergistic Activities

  1. Service to professional societies
  2. Produced text book, instructional files, and software for modeling of environmental systems, including data needs assessment, sensitivity analysis, calibration, prediction, and uncertainty, with focus on ground-water systems. Taught over 30 short and semester courses nationally and internationally. The educational materials are used nationally and internationally.
  3. Prizes and Awards
  4. Creator and organizer, MODFLOW and More conference series. Held 9 times 1998-2016.
  5. Scientific Advisor, FREEWAT EU Project.

Graduate Advisor (1)

Thesis Advisor (6, listed) and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor (3, listed)

Committee Member Ph.D. (Completed)

Committee Member MS. (Completed)

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