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Re: CO2 and NH3 into water

> I use Phreeqc to simulate fish breathing to see what happen when I
dissolve CO2 into seawater and freshwater, with and without NH3. (NH3 is a
gas from nitrogen break down in the metabolism). If I, in seawater only use
CO2 (for instance 0.3 mmol/l) the reaction is normal with expected fall in
pH. But if I also adding NH3 (0.03 mmol/l) the pH falls further? If I
simulate the same procedure in fresh water the opposite happen, which I
think is normal.

I suspect you are getting oxidation of ammonium to N2 or nitrate. This will
happen thermodynamically if there is any oxidant in the system, probably O2
or nitrate in your case. To avoid ammonium oxidation, you need to separate
ammonia species from the N2 and NO3- species in the database. Effectively,
ammonia species need their own element through definitions in
written a database that contains "Amm" and has N(-3) removed. With this
database, ammonia species can not be oxidized (unless you do it manually
by REACTION or KINETICS). All you need to do is enter the ammonia as "Amm"
in the SOLUTION, REACTION, and other data blocks  when using this database.

If this is not the problem send me your input file and I'll take a look.


(See attached file: tony.dat)

David Parkhurst (dlpark@xxxxxxxx)
U.S. Geological Survey
Box 25046, MS 413
Denver Federal Center
Denver, CO 80225

Project web page: https://wwwbrr.cr.usgs.gov/projects/GWC_coupled

Attachment: tony.dat
Description: Binary data

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